ecotox innovations blog posts

09 November, 2017

Bee studies - what can we measure and what should we measure?

By Matt Allan

Ecotoxicology is a relatively new study, less than 50 years old. Broadly it is defined as the study of harmful effects of chemicals on ecosystems, including individuals, populations and the environment. In discussing the effects on bees, it is important to also embrace the wider aspect of the effect on the colony of these social insects. 

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